While I already knew that Native Americans were killed in greatest numbers by disease, and I had a general sense that the great Native American societies were completely wiped out by a "plague" before the Pilgrims even landed, I didn't know that Indians were carted off to the West Indies, South American, and even Europe as slaves. We're taught that blacks were slaves; the fact that Indians were slaves as well has been totally written out of the history books.
Whenever I underline something (or fold down the corner of a page -- SHHHH, don't tell), that usually means there is a fact or quote that I've found particularly interesting that I want to save for later (cocktail chatter at some future event).
Fact: "American Indian warfare absorbed 80% of the entire federal budget during George Washington's administration and dogged his successors for a century as a major issue and expense." So much for Shay's Rebellion and the "Era of Good Feelings."
Fact: After the War of 1812 ended, the key outcome was: "in return for our leaving Canada alone, Great Britain gave up its alliances with the American Indian nations in what would have become the United States. Without war materiel and other aid from European allies, future Indian wars were transformed from major international conflicts to domestic mopping-up operations." I've never, ever really understood what exactly the War of 1812 was about -- some vague, political war that had something to do with France and England and Napoleon. What is really was about was western whites wanting to invade the sovereign lands of the Native Americans allied with Great Britain. We were really the aggressors, not Great Britain, which had her hands full dealing with Napoleon and essentially abandoned her Native allies. Thinking of the Natives as nations rather than nomadic tribes puts a new spin on the whole War of 1812 and the relationship thereafter of the United States and Native Americans.